HOW CAN I PREVENT CONTRACTING THIS DISEASE?
Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent a Norovirus infection. Most persons recover without antiviral medication or treatment. It cannot be treated with antibiotics because it is not a bacterial infection. Ill people should drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. Young children and the elderly are at special risk for dehydration. In some cases, diarrhea may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized.
You can also help prevent the spread of diseases by:
- Frequently washing your hands vigorously with soap and warm water, especially after toilet visits, changing diapers, and before eating or preparing food.
- Washing fruits and vegetables, and thoroughly cooking shellfish. Norovirus can survive temperatures as high as 140° F and freezing does not kill it.
- Cleaning and disinfecting contaminated surfaces immediately with a bleach-based household cleaner.
- Washing clothing and linens soiled with stool or vomit in hot water and soap, immediately.
- Not preparing food for at least 3 to 5 days after recovering from being ill.
- Flushing all vomit and feces in the toilet make sure the surrounding area is cleaned with a bleach-based household cleaner.