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ABOUT ZIKA VIRUS

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared Zika virus a Public Health Emergency of International Concern February 1, 2016. The Georgia Department of Public Health and Cobb & Douglas Public Health cautions travelers, especially women who are pregnant, to protect themselves against mosquito bites when heading to countries where Zika virus transmission is ongoing.

WHAT IS IT?

Zika is a viral disease that is transmitted to people by mosquitoes. It is transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which also spreads dengue and chikungunya. Mosquitoes become infected when they bite a person already infected with the virus. Zika virus can be spread during sex by a partner infected with Zika to their partners. Outbreaks have occurred in countries in Africa, Asia, South America, Latin America and the Caribbean. Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for about a week.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Joint Pain
  • Conjunctivitis/Pink Eye

Only one in five people infected with the Zika virus will develop symptoms. Symptoms generally begin 2 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.

HOW IS ZIKA VIRUS SPREAD?

Zika virus is transmitted to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito which can be found in Georgia. The mosquitoes bite mostly during the daytime, they do not fly very far, and tend to live around homes. The mosquitoes breed in containers so removing them or dumping out standing water at least once a week, or using larvicides such as mosquito dunks or mosquito torpedoes in water that cannot be dumped out, will reduce the number of these mosquitoes. Zika virus can be spread during sex by a man infected with Zika to his partners.

Zika Fac